Data are raw information that gets collected in surveys, research, and other experiments. Also known as datasets, this information is usually in a table format and can be loaded into programs like SAS, SPSS, or Excel for further analysis.
Data can be qualitative or quantitative.
This is an example of a dataset or raw data. Source: 2020 Census (P.L. 94-171) Redistricting Data for the state of Texas. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census/about/rdo/summary-files.html